Cannabis – Afamily of plants with two main species. Hemp and Marijuana.
Hemp – A variety of cannabis that contains high levels of CBD and lower levels of THC.
Marijuana – A variety of cannabis that contains lower levels of CBD and higher levels of THC.
Cannabinoids – Naturally-occurring molecules found in cannabis plants. They’re responsible for promoting homeostasis. CBD is just one of many types of cannabinoids (more on that later).
Phytocannabinoids – Naturally-occurring molecules found in various plants, not just cannabis. They’re responsible for promoting homeostasis.
Homeostasis – Stability, balance, or equilibrium within the human body.
Endocannabinoids – Molecules that are produced naturally by cells in the human body.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – A biological network of cannabinoid receptors used to regulate the body and promote homeostasis. It egulates a wide variety of physiological processes, such as mood, memory, and appetite. When a deficiency or other defect occurs, the likelihood of disease increases.
When ingested, cannabinoids immediately bind to cannabinoid receptors, which are most commonly found in the brain and immune system. The effects on the human body differ based on the specific receptors to which they bind. CBN, or cannabinol, for instance, fastens specifically to CB-2 receptors. Depending on the ratio of cannabinoids ingested, they will have a different effect on the body.
Cannabinoid Receptors – Proteins found in the body’s cells that receive a signal when we consume cannabinoids and initiate a positive response.
Entourage Effect – The beneficial effect of consuming a combination of cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant simultaneously. Using a full spectrum product would create this entourage effect and increase its effectiveness versus using a product solely containing isolated CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD – A product that contains CBD, other cannabinoids and less than 0.2% THC. Also contains terpenes, fatty acids and flavonoids.
Broad Spectrum CBD – A product that contains CBD and other cannabinoids but NO THC. May also contain terpenes, fatty acids and flavonoids.
CBD Isolate – A product that contains only CBD and NO THC.
Terpenes – Naturally-occurring, aromatic flavor molecules found in plants.
Flavonoids – Naturally-occurring nutrients found in plants.
Bioavailability – The degree and rate at which a substance (CBD) is absorbed and made available by the body.
Misc. CBD Terms You Should Also Know:
Carrier Oil – Also known as base oil. Regularly used in tinctures to dilute the CBD making the tinctures more palatable and aiding in the absorption of the CBD itself. MCT oil, olive oil, grapeseed oil and avocado oil are the most commonly used carrier oils.
COA / Certificate of Analysis / 3rd Party Lab Results – These terms are used interchangeably and represent a document that confirms that a product meets its product specification. They commonly contain the actual results obtained from testing performed as part of quality control of an individual batch of a product.
Co2 Extracted – CBD oil that has been extracted from the hemp plant using Co2 (carbon dioxide).
Ethanol Extracted – CBD oil that has beenextracted from the hemp plant using Ethanol (ethyl alcohol).
Essential Oils – Anatural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic fragrance of the plant or other source from which it is extracted.
Micro Dosing – The action of taking or administering small amounts of a drug or a supplement.
Non-GMO – Non-genetically modified.
Organic – A product that is made without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or other artificial agents.
Potency – The strength of a given product measured in milligrams (mg).
Strain – A term used in the cannabis community representing different types of marijuana or hemp flower. Each strain has its own unique botanical lineage, appearance, aroma, taste, chemical profile, and accompanying effects.
Sublingual – Something such as a CBD tincture that is applied under the tongue.
Vegan – Using or containing no animal products.